Kaupelanese people are extremely concerned about environmental preservation and conscious of the limited natural resources of our planet and especially of their tiny national territory. Decades of education and government programs, aiming a better life for the future generations, lead to surprisingly good results in terms of water, electricity and other resources saving, fighting against pollution, waste recycling and environment preservation.
Nowadays about 51% of all domestic waste is recycled. From the rest, 90% is used to produce fertilizer from composting of organic waste or to generate electrical power in burners. Throwing trash in public or private areas or not complying with the rules for selective waste gathering is against the law and subject to expensive fines. Vehicle exhaust and noise emissions are periodically inspected according to rigorous environmental standards.
The companies operating in the country are subjected to rigid
environmental standards and constant inspections concerning
pollution and environmental degradation. Any disrespect to these
standards is considered environmental crime, subjected to
severe punishments and indemnities.
FLORA & FAUNA
Sandalwoods, sea-almond trees (Terminalia catappa), nutmeg trees (Myristica fragrans), banyans, several palm trees like sago (Metroxylon sagu), areca (Areca catechu), lontar, and coconut trees are examples of the flora. Cuscuses (Spilocuscus maculatus), deers (Rusa caupelanensis), babirusas (Babyrousa babyrussa), giant lizards (Varanus visanoensis), fruit bats/flying foxes (Pteropus chrysoproctus), snakes, various bird species such as cockatoos, cassowaries (Casuarius casuarius) and parrots are representative of the fauna. Fishes, turtles, saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus), dugongs and corals are the marine fauna. Furthermore, there are animals not indigenous to the islands, but introduced, like wild pigs, civets, monkeys and water buffaloes. From 1980 on, national parks and biological reserves were created to preserve the native fauna and flora.The parks and reserves are:
Hituwalo Ridge National Park (Sutung Tana Ratara Hituwalo) - Wisanu
Lake Suduk National Park (Sutung Tana Ranu Suduk) - Nilau
Sartong Atoll Marine National Park (Tasi ni Sutung Tana Nuhura Sartong) - Kiwangar
Weber Basin Biological Reserve (Wasume Byoloji Uwan Weber) - Terong