Area - 1,897 km

Population - 870,000 inhabitants

Density - 460 inhab./km

Major Cities - Irnik, 390,000; Palimaata, 135,000; Kumferu, 80,000; Umala, 65,000; Kolo, 60,000.

Dialects - Kauta (Irnik and north coast), 630,000; Paleanga (east and southeast coast), 210,000; Moinate (west inland), 17,000; Suduk (Kelo and Paro) (east inland), 13,000.

Religions - Christians (Kauta), Animists (aborigines).

GDP per Capita - KAH 29,600.00 yearly (2009)

Participation in the GDP - 22%

Mining - oil (offshore) in the east.

Industry - refinery, manufactured and electronic products, auto equipments, naval and food.

Agriculture - rice, fruits, tea and cocoa; fowl, goat and pork.

Climate - Equatorial (monsoon); average temperature in the rainy season, 27C in the north, 23C, in the mountains and 25C in the south. In the dry season, 25C, in the north, 17C, in the mountains, and 21C, in the south. Rain: 2,000 mm yearly.

Waters - Major rivers: Bleya and Hafare. Lake: Suduk.

Major Peak - volcano Gipahu, 2,587 m.

Name Origin - Nilau comes from "nilao", that means "creeping vegetation" in Old Kaupelanese.