THE YUKLANDIC LANGUAGE


Introduction

Yuklandic (Jœkklnzk or Jœkklskml) is the official language of the Republic of Yukland and spoken by the majority of the population in that country. Outside Yukland, there are small immigrant communities in USA and in some other countries, such as Kronenburg, where the language did not disappear completely. Yuklandic evolved from Old Norse, brought by the Vikings when they populated the archipelago in the nineth century. Like Icelandic and Faroese, the language is close to Old Norse, although significant phonological and grammatical changes occurred throughout the centuries. Considering the growing awareness about the risk of its disappearance and the fact that the language is the most important cultural heritage for the Yuklandic people, the government of Yukland has strongly encouraged its use in detriment of Danish - for long, the language of the aristocracy and culture - and, in modern times, of English, that was gaining more and more importance especially among the youngsters.

 

Classification

Indo-European, Germanic, West-Scandinavian, Yuklandic (jok).


Phonology

Consonants


Stop: p, b, t, d, k, g

Fricative: f, v,

Sibilant: s, z, ʃ, ʒ

Non-sibilant: , x

Approximant: l, R

Nasal: m, n, ŋ
Trill: r

Semi-vowels: j, w


 

Vowels


Short vowels: i, e, ɛ, a, , ǝ, o, œ, y, ʌ, o, ɔ, u

Long vowels i:, u:

Diphtongs: aj, ej, iw, aw, ow



Morphology and Syntax

Nouns

Modern Yuklandic nouns are inflected in four cases (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive), three grammatical genders and two numbers. For the most words, nominative and accusative have the same inflection.


ǽ - island (feminine):



 without the def. article
with the def. article
Nominative Singular
ǽ ǽjen
Accusative Singular
ǽ ǽjen
Genitive Singular
ǽjar ǽjarne
Dative Singular
ǽju
ǽjun
Nominative Plural
ǽjar ǽjarne
Accusative Plural
ǽjar ǽjarne
Genitive Plural
ǽja ǽjanna
Dative Plural
ǽjum
ǽjunum


vatn - water (neuter):



 without the def. article
with the def. article
Nominative Singular
vatn vatne
Accusative Singular
vatn vatne
Genitive Singular
vatns vatnse
Dative Singular
vatni
vatne
Nominative Plural
vœtn vœtnen
Accusative Plural
vœtn vœtnen
Genitive Plural
vatna vatnanna
Dative Plural
vœtnum vœtnunum




dac - day (masculine):



 without the def. article
with the def. article
Nominative Singular
dac dagin
Accusative Singular
dac dagin
Genitive Singular
dacs dacsin
Dative Singular
dagi
dagin
Nominative Plural
dagar dagarne
Accusative Plural
dagar dagarne
Genitive Plural
daga daganna
Dative Plural
gum
gunum



Adjectives, possessive pronouns and numerals are not inflected in modern Yuklandic.


Verbs are conjugated for tense, mood, person, number and voice. Yuklandic forms most of tense conjugations with auxiliary verbs, like in English.


Some examples:


ri riggar fjer lfkonuggunurn undr himnin

Sj fjer Dverchœrrunurn i ra hœllum af stni

N fjer dlec mœnnurn dœmt til dǽja,

n fjer Blakk Hrrin at hns blakk stœlli,

I Lnde Mordors var Skuggarne liggja.


Three rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,

Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone,

Nine for the mortal men doomed to die,

One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne,

In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.

                                    J.R.R. Tolkien


Tmi hf komin til spara mat fjer har veti

Time has come to store food for a hard winter

                                     Yuklandic Proverb



“ru t drmar nlec
 t ec sj s
œm?
 Er Racnarkk?
 Ra men d!”


“Are that only illusions
 which I seem to see?
 Or the end of the world (Ragnarok)?
 There are dead men riding!”

            Translation of some verses of Helgakvia Hundingsbana into modern Yuklandic


The sorian Institute of Languages (SML - sorsk Stofnunn af Mlum), dedicated to promote endangered languages of the world by translating and publishing books, comics and films into these languages, published Herg's Tintin albuns in Yuklandic (The Blue Lotus, The Black Island, The Crab with the Golden Claws, Tintin in the Land of the Black Gold, Tintin in Tibet, Destination Moon, Flight 714 to Sydney):